Step 2c: Aw, Shucks! The forty-foot hole

the forty foot

I asserted, in Step 2, that only one web link would ever be needed for any particular chapter.  I had a feeling I would be wrong, and I am.

On page 18, just five pages from the end, the “action” moves from the Martello tower to the “Forty Foot Hole”.  It’s too small a feature to find easily on Google Maps.  In any case, it’s just below the Martello Tower.

I have added a comment that will tell someone that “This is just below the Martello Tower, a creek opening up by rocky mouth into the sea.”  Now I don’t find that to be adequate, and I find meaning in its opening up so directly into Wales, away from Ireland–as had been noted earlier by the mailship leaving daily. from Kingstown Pier, for freedom.  Actually, there’s quite a bit going on, with Mulligan “ape-ing” Icarus, and freedom as the mainland straight in our sites.

Hyperlink for the "Forty Foot"

Here’s a problem.  Martello Tower is mentioned many times.  The words “forty foot” are only mentioned once, and who knows what Joyce is talking about.  All of a sudden, they’ve gone from eating breakfast (“rashers”) to diving in a pool.

I have tried  a direct hyperlink, but how would someone find it?

I am trying the Rectangle Link Tool, available in PDFxChange.  With it draw an area rectangular–oooor, some sort of polygon–for which any combination of the following are possible in an Actions List:

  • Add “Go to a page in this document” . . .
  • Add “Go to a page in another document” . . .
  • Add “Open a web link” . . .
  • Add “Open a file” . . .

I have yet to use all four or so functions at once, but I do wonder whether this would be an explosion of references.

Contradicting myself, I will place a small Rectangular Link around the Comment line underneath the words “Forty Foot”.  This will give me a comment, for those who just need a little reminding, and a link to “” for those who don’t.  I love this set of pages:  James Joyce’ Ulysses:  A Dublin Tour.  It feels as close to a “You Are There” day as anything I’ve experienced in Web sites.

I could also use some of the other features.  I could add an audio file to play when there are references to “Who Goes with Fergus?”  There may come a day when I will need to send users to some special glossary, in this page or another.  I hope not.  I do not want this to digital annotation to look like a music box.

Now I must follow suit and place a similar link underneath the first instance of “Martello Tower”.  However, that is only mentioned obliquely, and by the Englishman Haines–out of slight curiosity. 

Fortunately, Mulligan grandly  “faced about and blessed gravely thrice the tower, the surrounding land and the awaking mountains.”  That is fitting, and it is in the first 100 words.  One is not likely to lose this, despite the many references to the “tower”.



Step 2: Background & Hyperlinks

Invisible Hyperlink over Chapter Title

I mentioned three types of digital comments that I could use for marking up a chapter of Ulysses:

  • Hyperlinks:  as in, please click colored underlined text.  Cursor changes, whole lot of information jumps out in a webpage.  However, I may use some sort of simple underlining.  This is more in keeping with the conventions of traditional text markup (but will I regret this?),
  • Rollovers:  or, just roll cursor over plain underlined text.  Cursor changes; dialogue box of information instantly appears,
  • Highlightings but I would prefer Highlightings:  as in, the first is dayglow. The second is my impression of the shade of interior monologue. No need to click anything.  This just distinguishes a block of text from what’s around it.  Continue reading.

I believe, at this time, that a chapter should have only one hyperlink (watch me be wrong), placed over the chapter title.  Traditionally, this is the heading.  It would be, in hardcopy, the large white space for background information, character descriptions, plot summaries–all necessary information for the reader’s instruction or memory.

I’ve chosen a hyperlink that is presently invisible.  From chapter to chapter, the corresponding page has its hyperlink directly over the chapter title.  The text is not mine.  The site, Notes On James Joyce’s Ulysses, is based on the work of Gerry Carlin & Mair Evans in their own single page Web site.

Webpage Telemachus

I wish I could contact them for permission.  I believe that the site was constructed some years before easy html editing and the blogging conventions that are a part of our lives now.  The format is very basic, but the information and writing is excellent.

At left is their Telemachus information of how I’ve reformatted their data into a three column blog, with a few extras that I’ve provided, for a total of 3+ pages of essential background information.  The consistency of their constructions is wonderful.  For each chapter, the components are:

  • Row-to-column information from Joyce’s Schemata to his friends Linati and Gilbert.  This includes essential hour and location in Dublin.
  • Correspondences between characters in Ulysses and in the Odyssey.
  • General scene associations
  • Sense.  A very useful phrase that summarizes a chapter succinctly.
  • Homeric Parallels.  The plot correspondence to Homer’s writings.
  • Summary.  The chapter summary in Ulysses.
  • Comment.  Any comments by Carlin & Evans.
  • Google Map.  My addition provides an overview of topographical information.  And I love the 3-D feature here.

That’s  a lot of information.  My real contribution has been just to divide up everything so that it is easier for the eye to browse.  I’ve been careful to divvy up the information.  The essentials are on one page.  Links can carry the viewer out to my detailed commentary.

I like how they’ve divided the Linati Schemata by chapter and have expanded upon them.  The authors have also included the unique contributions of the earlier Gilbert Schemata, especially Symbols and Meanings.  They have renamed Meaning as Sense.  This is a much better choice of Heading.  Meanings are too plentiful in any chapter, but there are over all, pervading senses to the chapters.

I have renamed Symbols as Associations.  It is a loose, intermediate word for something that is not quite yet a symbols, but which may become so in later chapters.  This is an important distinction.  I believe that Joyce occasionally start building on an association long before its urgency is apparent or notable.  Take Hamlet, for example.  Stephen eventually ends up walking side by side with Hamlet.  However, Joyce’s early associations are not particularly notable the first time through.

Finally, to repeat, this is one single link.  The user may not need all this.  I wish to avoid crowding the page.  Believe me, this will become a greater risk as we proceed through the following steps.